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María Montessori

She was born in 1870 in Chiaravelle, province of Ancona, Italy; she dies in 1952 in Noorwijk, Holland. She was the first Italian woman that graduated in medicine. In addition: pedagogue and educator, biologist, anthropologist, philosopher, psychologist and feminist. Influenced by her training as medic, she brought the scientific method to educational sciences, elaborating the “scientific pedagogy” and setting a precedent with the “Montessori method” as a new vision of education. His pedagogic approach looks for an education that allows the development of the spontaneous manifestations of the children. This actions will be those to make the subject capable of developing themselves in their physical, intellectual and spiritual aspects. To that end, the educator shall “prepare the terrain” according to the maturational stage of the children. Her practical pedagogy focuses on the work with collectives that have specific educational needs, setting a precedent with her successes. “”The House of Children” in Rome was founded by herself in 1907 and it is a referent in the attainment of the alphabetization of subjects with functional diversity. For further information: “The Montessori method” book. 1912.