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Jerome Seymour Bruner, born in October 1915 in New York, United States. At 16 he entered Duke University, graduating at 22. He continued studying at Harvard and got his doctorate in Psychology in 1941. When World War II broke out he enlisted in the ranks of the US Army and served in the psychology department. After the war, he entered Harvard to pursue research and teaching. Later, he applied his knowledge to the field of educational science. He warned of the need to understand the mental functioning of the child for the teaching-learning process to be consistent, avoiding the mere accumulation of subjects and information presented to the students. Considers learning as an active process in which the association of ideas, categorization, decision making and hypothesis testing are involved.