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Jean Piaget

Born in Switzerland in 1896 and died in 1980. He devoted much of his life to epistemological study focused on how scientific knowledge is formed, trying to establish a theory. He was interested in child development, and devoted special attention to the construction of knowledge within the same. His central thesis is that intellectual development is part of an adaptive process that has two aspects: assimilation and accommodation. Being a pioneer in this field, he concluded that the subject not only builds his knowledge but also intellectual structures that depend on both internal (hereditary) and environmental factors as well as the activity of the child. That is, the patterns of interpretation of the child will be determined according to how it has been built with their actions and their interaction with the environment. From all these reflections the Constructivist Learning Theory is born. It is for this reason that Piaget has influenced educational science and the educational reform movements as it lays the theoretical basis to justify, among others, the Active School and pedagogical trends focused on the student. In the intellectual development of children it differed three stages or phases, with their respective characteristics to be taken into account for the construction of their knowledge and intellectual structures. These stages are: Sensory-motor stage Specific operations stage Formal operations stage To know more.