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From the Latin word: infans, infantis. It is composed of the prefix in- (negation) and the participle of the verb fāri (talk). It refers to the absence of voice, linked to the evolutionary stage of the human being known as childhood. Its connotations refer to two visions of childhood: From the point of view of evolutionary psychology: it refers to that stage in which the subject has not yet developed the ability to speak. From a socio-political and pedagogical: the possibility of being taken into account, express needs and participate in public life. The first legal document that takes into account the child as a human being capable of developing in a physical, mental, social, moral and spiritual way with freedom and dignity is in is the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 1959.