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Françoise Dolto

Born in Paris in 1908 and died in 1988 in the same city. Pediatrician and psychoanalyst, she devoted most of his life to pedagogy and psychoanalysis of children. She considers the child as a subject capable of being psychoanalyzed from an early age and considers the human being as a communicator from the moment of birth. Therefore, she focused on the interpretation of the child’s language in his childhood to discover the particular needs that each child presents and so helping him in his development. She defended the integrity of the child, warning that the specificity of each individual is more important than any generalist educational theory. She was critical of at the traditional education that prevailed in the school: "We are preparing, for a life we do not know how it will be, some children that just have to be different from us, since they have had experiences that were strange to us at their age" (Dolto, 1985: 330). In this sense, Dolto was convinced that the traditional school "chokes" the revolutionary potential that every child entails. She directed a radio program that answered the letters in which parents talked about difficulties regarding the education of their children. The program aired on French radio station France-Inter between 1976 and 1978, reaching great repercussion. Later, she wrote three works based on these emissions that confirmed the success among the public. She founded, with Jacques Lacan, the Freudian School of Paris. She was also a leader of the feminist movement of the twentieth century along with Simone de Beauvoir.